For organizations working with indigenous peoples in the Congo Basin, it is worthwhile to become familiar with USAID's CARPE program, as it directly impacts thousands of hectares of land in the Congo Basin and therefore encompases areas that have been used by indigenous peoples from time immemorial. Actors should be aware of the overall economic dynamics that inform the CARPE program and the multitude of stakeholder interests. Insofar as the scope of the CARPE program is far-reaching both in terms of implementation areas and time, it should be considered a key factor that will have a major influence the future of indigenous peoples in the Congo Basin. Although history will be the judge, actors should be aware that in the here and now, CARPE represents potential for either enormous good or its opposite. Although the program has not yet promoted a platform for open, collaborative relationships between humanitarian, human rights and conservation organizations, actors should anticipate that - like CARPE's gender component- the link between peoples, participation, program design will be better understood as outcomes and results are documented and disseminated in accord with best practice principles of program transparency and accountability. In the meantime, although no formal structural support exists of wide multi-disciplinary participation and information-sharing, actors in the field are encouraged to develop informal networks to ensure that both the interests of the forests, the animals and original peoples are addressed holistically - and without the harm that is inevitable when the interest of one is compromised for the sake of the other. Out of 11 implementation zones or "landscapes", 6 target forests areas of the Republic of Congo. The person responsible for coordinating CARPE program implementation is John Flynn at USAID/Kinshasa.